Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Holographic Λ(t)CDM model in a non-flat universe
Department of Physics, College of Sciences, Northeastern University, Shenyang, 110004, China
2 Center for High Energy Physics, Peking University, Beijing, 100080, China
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Published online: 18 July 2012
The holographic Λ(t)CDM model in a non-flat universe is studied in this paper. In this model, to keep the form of the stress-energy of the vacuum required by general covariance, the holographic vacuum is enforced to exchange energy with dark matter. It is demonstrated that for the holographic model the best choice for the IR cutoff of the effective quantum field theory is the event horizon size of the universe. We derive the evolution equations of the holographic Λ(t)CDM model in a non-flat universe. We constrain the model by using the current observational data, including the 557 Union2 type Ia supernovae data, the cosmic microwave background anisotropy data from the 7-yr WMAP, and the baryon acoustic oscillation data from the SDSS. Our fit results show that the holographic Λ(t)CDM model tends to favor a spatially closed universe (the best-fit value of Ω k0 is −0.042), and the 95 % confidence level range for the spatial curvature is −0.101<Ω k0<0.040. We show that the interaction between the holographic vacuum and dark matter induces an energy flow of which the direction is first from vacuum to dark matter and then from dark matter to vacuum. Thus, the holographic Λ(t)CDM model is just a time-varying vacuum energy scenario in which the interaction between vacuum and dark matter changes sign during the expansion of the universe.
© Springer-Verlag / Società Italiana di Fisica, 2012