Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Cosmological constraints on unparticle dark matter
National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 20A Datun Rd, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100012, China
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Revised: 25 July 2008
Published online: 29 August 2008
In unparticle dark matter (unmatter) models, the equation of state of the unmatter is given by p=ρ/(2d U+1), where d U is the scaling factor. Unmatter with such equations of state would have a significant impact on the history of the expansion of the universe. Using type Ia supernovae (SNIa), the baryon acoustic oscillation (BAO) measurements and the shift parameter of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) to place constraints on such unmatter models, we find that if only the SNIa data are used, the constraints are weak. However, with the BAO and CMB shift parameter data added, strong constraints can be obtained. For the ΛUDM model, in which unmatter is the sole dark matter, we find that d U>60 at 95% C.L. For comparison, in most unparticle physics models it is assumed that d U<2. For the ΛCUDM model, in which unmatter co-exists with cold dark matter, we found that the unmatter can at most make up a few percent of the total cosmic density if d U<10; thus it cannot be the major component of dark matter.
© Springer-Verlag , 2008