Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Universal 23 symmetry
Physical Research Laboratory, Navarangpura, Ahmedabad, 380009, India
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Revised: 6 September 2007
Published online: 16 October 2007
The possible maximal mixing seen in the oscillations of atmospheric neutrinos has led to the postulate of μ–τ symmetry, which interchanges νμ and ντ. We argue that such a symmetry need not be special to neutrinos but can be extended to all fermions. The assumption that all fermion mass matrices are approximately invariant under the interchange of the second and the third generation fields is shown to be phenomenologically viable and has interesting consequences. In the quark sector, the smallness of Vub and Vcb can be consequences of this approximate 2–3 symmetry. The same approximate symmetry can simultaneously lead to a large atmospheric mixing angle and can describe the leptonic mixing quite well. We identify two generic scenarios leading to this. One is based on the conventional type-I seesaw mechanism and the other follows from the type-II seesaw model. The latter requires a quasi-degenerate neutrino spectrum for obtaining large atmospheric neutrino mixing in the presence of an approximate μ–τ symmetry.
© Springer-Verlag / Società Italiana di Fisica, 2008