Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
The microcanonical ensemble of the ideal relativistic quantum gas with angular momentum conservation
Università di Firenze and INFN Sezione di Firenze, Via G. Sansone 1, 50019, Sesto F.no (Firenze), Italy
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Published online: 25 September 2007
We derive the microcanonical partition function of the ideal relativistic quantum gas with fixed intrinsic angular momentum as an expansion over fixed multiplicities. We developed a group theoretical approach by generalizing known projection techniques to the Poincaré group. Our calculation is carried out in a quantum field framework and applies to particles with any spin. It extends known results in the literature in that it does not introduce any large volume approximation, and it takes particle spin fully into account. We provide expressions of the microcanonical partition function at fixed multiplicities in the limiting classical case of large volumes and large angular momenta and in the grand-canonical ensemble. We also derive the microcanonical partition function of the ideal relativistic quantum gas with fixed parity.
© Springer-Verlag / Società Italiana di Fisica, 2007