Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
Stabilization of extra dimensions and the dimensionality of the observed space
Department of Physics, Bogazici University, 34342, Bebek, İstanbul, Turkey
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Revised: 2 October 2006
Published online: 16 January 2007
We present a simple model for the late time stabilization of extra dimensions. The basic idea is that brane solutions wrapped around extra dimensions, which is allowed by string theory, will resist expansion due to their winding mode. The momentum modes in principle work in the opposite way. It is this interplay that leads to dynamical stabilization. We use the idea of democratic wrapping, where in a given decimation of extra dimensions, all possible winding cases are considered. To further simplify the study we assumed a symmetric decimation in which the total number of extra dimensions is taken to be Np where N can be called the order of the decimation. We also assumed that extra dimensions all have the topology of tori. We show that with these rather conservative assumptions, there exist solutions to the field equations in which the extra dimensions are stabilized and that the conditions do not depend on p. This fact means that there exists at least one solution to the asymmetric decimation case. If we denote the number of observed space dimensions (excluding time) by m, the condition for stabilization is m≥3 for pure Einstein gravity and m≤3 for dilaton gravity massaged by a string theory parameter, namely the dilaton coupling to branes.
© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2007