Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
The method of covariant symbols in curved space-time
Departamento de Física Atómica, Molecular y Nuclear, Universidad de Granada, 18071, Granada, Spain
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Published online: 24 November 2006
Diagonal matrix elements of pseudodifferential operators are needed in order to compute effective Lagrangians and currents. For this purpose the method of symbols is often used, which however lacks manifest covariance. In this work the method of covariant symbols, introduced by Pletnev and Banin, is extended to curved space-time with arbitrary gauge and coordinate connections. For the Riemannian connection we compute the covariant symbols corresponding to external fields, the covariant derivative and the Laplacian, to fourth order in a covariant derivative expansion. This allows one to obtain the covariant symbol of general operators to the same order. The procedure is illustrated by computing the diagonal matrix element of a nontrivial operator to second order. Applications of the method are discussed.
© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2007