Second-order corrections to neutrino two-flavor oscillation parameters in the wave packet approach
Instituto de Física Gleb Wataghin, UNICAMP, PO Box 6165, 13083-970, Campinas, SP, Brasil
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Revised: 28 July 2006
Published online: 24 October 2006
We report about an analytic study involving the intermediate wave packet formalism for quantifying the physically relevant information which appears in the neutrino two-flavor conversion formula and helping us to obtain more precise limits and ranges for neutrino flavor oscillation. By following the sequence of analytic approximations where we assume a strictly peaked momentum distribution and consider the second-order corrections in a power series expansion of the energy, we point out a residual time-dependent phase which, coupled with the spreading/slippage effects, can subtly modify the neutrino-oscillation parameters and limits. Such second-order effects are usually ignored in the relativistic wave packet treatment, but they present an evident dependence on the propagation regime so that some small modifications to the oscillation pattern, even in the ultra-relativistic limit, can be quantified. These modifications are implemented in the confrontation with the neutrino-oscillation parameter range (mass-squared difference Δm2 and the mixing angle θ) where we assume the same wave packet parameters previously noticed in the literature in a kind of toy model for some reactor experiments. Generically speaking, our analysis parallels the recent experimental purposes which are concerned with higher precision parameter measurements. To summarize, we show that the effectiveness of a more accurate determination of Δm2 and θ depends on the wave packet width a and on the averaged propagating energy flux Ē which still correspond to open variables for some classes of experiments.
© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2006