Does color confinement imply massive gluons?
Department of Physical Sciences, High Energy Physics Division, University of Helsinki and Helsinki Institute of Physics, P.O. Box 64, 00014, Helsinki, Finland
2 Department of Physics, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-0033, Japan
Revised: 21 May 2006
Published online: 27 June 2006
Color confinement is one of the central issues in QCD, and there are various interpretations of this feature. In this paper we have adopted the interpretation that colored particles cannot be observed just because colored states are unphysical in the sense of QB|quark〉≠0, QB|gluon〉≠0. It is shown that there are two phases in QCD distinguished by different choices of the gauge parameter. In one phase, called the “confinement phase,” color confinement is realized and gluons are no longer massless. In the other phase, called the “deconfinement phase,” color confinement is not realized, but the gluons remain massless.
© Springer-Verlag, 2006