Pion condensation in electrically neutral cold matter with finite baryon density
Institut für Physik, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, 12489, Berlin, Germany
2 Institute of High Energy Physics, 142281, Protvino, Moscow Region, Russia
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Published online: 12 April 2006
The possibility of the pion condensation phenomenon in cold and electrically neutral dense baryonic matter is investigated in β-equilibrium. For simplicity, the consideration is performed in the framework of a Nambu–Jona-Lasinio model with two quark flavors at zero current quark mass and for rather small values of the baryon chemical potential, where the diquark condensation might be ignored. Two sets of model parameters are used. For the first, the pion condensed phase with finite baryon density is realized. In this phase both electrons and the pion condensate take part in the neutralization of the quark electric charge. For the second set of model parameters, the pion condensation is impossible if the neutrality condition is imposed. The behavior of meson masses vs. quark chemical potential has been studied in electrically neutral matter.
© Springer-Verlag, 2006