Deep inelastic scattering and forward production at NLO
Laboratoire d’Annecy-le-Vieux de Physique Théorique LAPTH, B.P.110,, 74941, Annecy-le-Vieux Cedex, France
2 The Institute of Mathematical Sciences, 600 113, Chennai , India
3 Université Paris XI,, Laboratoire de Physique Théorique, UMR 8627 CNRS, Bâtiment 210,, 91405, Orsay Cedex, France
4 Indian Institute of Science,, Center for High Energy Physics, 560 012, Bangalore, India
We present a detailed phenomenological study of forward hadron () production in deep inelastic scattering, with both the direct and the resolved contributions calculated to NLO accuracy. A comparison of the theoretical predictions for the various distributions with the H1 data and a study of the stability of the QCD predictions under changes of scales is the focus of this study. We obtain a very good overall description of the recent H1 data with the choice of scale , in contrast to the required earlier when the resolved contribution was included only at LO accuracy. We find a more modest variation of the predictions, as the scale is changed from to , as compared to the case where the resolved contribution was included only at LO accuracy. This variation is of the order of the rather large experimental errors. Unfortunately, this fact prevents us from concluding that perturbation theory gives an unambiguous prediction for forward particle production in deep inelastic scattering. However, the overall success of perturbative QCD in explaining the small x Bj data means that perhaps a full resummation of the BFKL ladder is not called for. We notice the need for rather large resolved contributions to explain the data at low x Bj even at somewhat larger Q 2 values.
© Springer-Verlag, 2005