Right-handed Dirac neutrinos in ν e- scattering and azimuthal asymmetry in recoil electron event ratesS. Ciechanowicz1, M. Misiaszek2 and W. Sobków1
1 Institute of Theoretical Physics, University of Wroclaw, Pl. M. Born 9, PL-50-204 Wroclaw, Poland
2 M. Smoluchowski Institute of Physics, Jagiellonian University ul. Reymonta 4, PL-30-059 Kraków, Poland
(Received 1 July 2003 / Published online 2 September 2003)
In this paper a scenario with the participation of the exotic scalar S, tensor T and pseudoscalar P couplings of the right-handed neutrinos in addition to the standard vector V, axial A couplings of the left-handed neutrinos in the low-energy (νμe-) and (νee-) scattering processes is considered. Neutrinos are assumed to be massive Dirac fermions and to be polarized. Both reactions are studied at the level of the four-fermion point interaction. The main goal is to show that the physical consequence of the presence of the right-handed neutrinos is an appearance of the azimuthal asymmetry in the angular distribution of the recoil electrons caused by the non-vanishing interference terms between the standard and exotic couplings, proportional to the transverse neutrino polarization vector. The upper limits on the expected effect of this asymmetry for the low-energy neutrinos (Eν < 1 MeV) are found. We also show that if the neutrino helicity rotation (νL -> νR) in the solar magnetic field takes place, the similar effect of the azimuthal asymmetry of the recoil electrons scattered by the solar neutrinos should be observed. This effect would also come from the interference terms between the standard (V, A)L and exotic (S, T, P)R couplings. New-type neutrino detectors with good angular resolution could search for the azimuthal asymmetry in event number.
PACS: 13.15.+g - 13.88.+e
© Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag 2004