Leptogenesis and bi-unitary parametrization of neutrino Yukawa matrix
Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, 11529, Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C.
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We analyze the neutrino Yukawa matrix by considering three constraints: the out-of-equilibrium condition of the lepton number-violating process responsible for leptogenesis, the upper bound of the branching ratio of the lepton flavor violating decay, and the prediction of large mixing angles using the see-saw mechanism. In a certain parametrization with a bi-unitary transformation, it is shown that the structure which satisfies the constraints can be characterized by only seven types of Yukawa matrices. The constraint of the branching ratio of LFV turns out to be redundant after applying the other two constraints. We propose that this parametrization can be the framework in which the CP asymmetry of a lepton number-violating process can be predicted in terms of observable neutrino parameters at low energy, if necessary, under assumptions following from a theory with additional symmetries. There is an appealing model of the neutrino Yukawa matrix considering the CP asymmetry for leptogenesis, giving a theoretical motivation to reduce the number of free parameters.
© Springer-Verlag, 2003