Measurements of the strong coupling constant and the QCD colour factors using four-jet observables from hadronic Z decaysThe ALEPH Collaboration
(Received: 14 May 2002 / Published online: 15 January 2003 )
Data from annihilation into hadrons, taken with the ALEPH detector at the Z resonance, are analyzed. The four-jet rate is studied as a function of the resolution parameter and compared to next-to-leading order calculations combined with resummation of large logarithms. Angular correlations in four-jet events are measured and compared to next-to-leading order QCD predictions. With these observables two different measurements are performed. In a first analysis the strong coupling constant is measured from the four-jet rate yielding . In a second measurement the strong coupling constant and the QCD colour factors are determined simultaneously from a fit to the four-jet rate and the four-jet angular correlations, giving in good agreement with the expectation from QCD.
© Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag 2003