2021 Impact factor 4.991
Particles and Fields
Eur. Phys. J. C 26, 579-596 (2003)
DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s2002-01063-8

Effective field theory approach to structure functions at small xBj

O. Nachtmann

Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Heidelberg, Philosophenweg 16, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany

(Received: 16 July 2002 / Published online: 9 December 2002)

We relate the structure functions of deep inelastic lepton-nucleon scattering to current-current correlation functions in a Euclidean field theory depending on a parameter r. The r-dependent Hamiltonian of the theory is P0-(1-r)P3, with P0 the usual Hamiltonian and P3 the third component of the momentum operator. We show that a small xBj in the structure functions corresponds to the small r limit of the effective theory. We argue that for $r\to
0$ there is a critical regime of the theory where simple scaling relations should hold. We show that in this framework Regge behaviour of the structure functions obtained with the hard pomeron ansatz corresponds to a scaling behaviour of the matrix elements in the effective theory where the intercept of the hard pomeron appears as a critical index. Explicit expressions for various analytic continuations of the structure functions and matrix elements are given as well as path integral representations for the matrix elements in the effective theory. Our aim is to provide a framework for truly non-perturbative calculations of the structure functions at small xBj for arbitrary Q2.

© Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag 2003