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Particles and Fields

Eur. Phys. J. C 25, 469-477 (2002)
DOI: 10.1007/s10052-002-01017-8

Time-ordered perturbation theory on non-commutative spacetime: Basic rules

Y. Liao and K. Sibold

Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Leipzig, Augustusplatz 10/11, 04109 Leipzig, Germany

(Received: 25 June 2002 / Published online: 30 August 2002 )

Assuming that the S-matrix on non-commutative (NC) spacetime can still be developed perturbatively in terms of the time-ordered exponential of the interaction Lagrangian, we investigate the perturbation theory of NC field theory. We first work out with care some typical Green functions starting from the usual concepts of time-ordering and commutation relations for free fields. The results are found to be very different from those in the naive approach pursued in the literature. A simple framework then appears naturally which can incorporate the new features of our results and which turns out to be the usual time-ordered perturbation theory extended to the NC context. We provide the prescriptions for computing S-matrix elements and Green functions in this framework. We also emphasize that the naive seemingly covariant approach cannot be reproduced from the current one, in contrast to the field theory on ordinary spacetime. We attribute this to the phase-like non-local interaction intrinsic in NC field theory which modifies the analyticity properties of the Green functions significantly.

© Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag 2002