Branching ratios for B → K*γ and B → ργ decays in next-to-leading order in the Large Energy Effective Theory
Deutsches Elektronen Synchrotron DESY, 22603 Hamburg, Germany
2 Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Würzburg, 97074 Würzburg, Germany
3 Department of Theoretical Physics, Yaroslavl State University, Sovietskaya 14, 150000 Yaroslavl, Russia
Published online: 14 December 2001
We calculate the so-called hard spectator corrections in O (αs) in the leading-twist approximation to the decay widths for B → K*γ and B → ργ decays and their charge conjugates, using the Large Energy Effective Theory (LEET) techniques. Combined with the hard vertex and annihilation contributions, they are used to compute the branching ratios for these decays in the next-to-leading order (NLO) in the strong coupling αs and in leading power in ΛQCD/MB. These corrections are found to be large, leading to the inference that the theoretical branching ratios for the decays B → K*γ in the LEET approach can be reconciled with current data only for significantly lower values of the form factors than their estimates in the QCD sum rule and Lattice QCD approaches. However, the form factor related uncertainties mostly cancel in the ratios B(B → ργ)/B(B → K*γ) and Δ = (Δ+0+ Δ-0)/2, where Δ± 0 = Γ (B± → ρ±γ)/[2 Γ (B0 (B0)→ ρ0γ)] - 1, and hence their measurements will provide quantitative information on the standard model parameters, in particular the ratio of the CKM matrix elements |Vtd/Vts| and the inner angle α of the CKM-unitarity triangle. We also calculate direct CP asymmetry for the decays B± → ρ±γ and find, in conformity with the observations made in the existing literature, that the hard spectator contributions significantly reduce the asymmetry arising from the vertex corrections. In addition, the sensitivity of the CP asymmetry on the underlying parameters is found to be discomfortingly large.
© Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag, 2002