2021 Impact factor 4.991
Particles and Fields

Eur. Phys. J. C 20, 1-11
DOI: 10.1007/s100520100646

4-Neutrino mass schemes and the likelihood of (3+1)-mass spectra

W. Grimus and T. Schwetz

Universität Wien, Institut für Theoretische Physik, Boltzmanngasse 5, 1090 Wien, Austria

(Received: 26 February 2001 / Published online: 25 April 2001 -© Springer-Verlag / Società Italiana di Fisica 2001 )

We examine the (3+1)-class of 4-neutrino mass spectra within a rigorous statistical analysis based on the Bayesian approach to probability. The data of the Bugey, CDHS and KARMEN experiments are combined by using a likelihood function. Our statistical approach allows us to incorporate solar and atmospheric neutrino data and also the result of the CHOOZ experiment via inequalities which involve elements of the neutrino mixing matrix and are derived from these data. For any short-baseline $\Delta m^2$ we calculate a bound on the LSND transition amplitude $A_{\mu;e}$ and find that, in the $\Delta m^2$-$A_{\mu;e}$ plane, there is no overlap between the 99% CL region allowed by the latest LSND analysis and the region allowed by our bound on $A_{\mu;e}$ at 95% CL; there are some small overlap regions if we take the bound at 99% CL. Therefore, we conclude that, with the existing data, the (3+1)-neutrino mass spectra are not very likely. However, treating the (2+2)-spectra with our method, we find that they are well compatible with all data.

© Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag 2001