2018 Impact factor 4.843
Particles and Fields
Eur. Phys. J. C 17, 137-161
DOI 10.1007/s100520000460

Production and hadronization of heavy quarks

E. Norrbin - T. Sjöstrand

Department of Theoretical Physics, Lund University, 22362 Lund, Sweden

Received: 15 May 2000 / Published online: 9 August 2000 - © Springer-Verlag 2000

Abstract
Heavy long-lived quarks, i.e. charm and bottom, are frequently studied both as tests of QCD and as probes for other physics aspects within and beyond the standard model. The long lifetime implies that charm and bottom hadrons are formed and observed. This hadronization process cannot be studied in isolation, but depends on the production environment. Within the framework of the string model, a major effect is the drag from the other end of the string that the c/b quark belongs to. In extreme cases, a small-mass string can collapse to a single hadron, thereby giving a non-universal flavor composition to the produced hadrons. We here develop and present a detailed model for the charm/bottom hadronization process, involving the various aspects of string fragmentation and collapse, and put it in the context of several heavy-flavor production sources. Applications are presented from fixed-target to LHC energies.


Copyright Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag 2000