2023 Impact factor 4.2
Particles and Fields
Eur. Phys. J. C 14, 347-365
DOI 10.1007/s100520000333

Stability of the lepton-flavor mixing matrix
against quantum corrections

N. Haba1,2 - N. Okamura3

1 Department of Physics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
Faculty of Engineering, Mie University, Tsu Mie 514-8507, Japan
2 Theory Group, KEK, Tsukuba Ibaraki 305-0801, Japan

Received: 24 June 1999 / Revised version: 23 December 1999 /
Published online: 17 March 2000 - © Springer-Verlag 2000

Recent neutrino experiments suggest strong evidence of tiny neutrino masses and the lepton-flavor mixing. Neutrino-oscillation solutions for the atmospheric neutrino anomaly and the solar neutrino deficit can determine the texture of the neutrino mass matrix according to the neutrino mass hierarchies as Type A: $m_3^{} \gg m_2^{} \sim m_1^{}$, Type B: $m_3^{} \ll m_2^{} \sim m_1^{}$, and Type C: $m_3^{} \sim m_2^{} \sim m_1^{}$, where mi is the i-th generation neutrino mass. In this paper we study the stability of the lepton-flavor mixing matrix against quantum corrections for all three types of mass hierarchy in the minimal supersymmetric Standard Model with an effective dimension-five operator which gives the Majorana masses of neutrinos. The relative sign assignments of neutrino masses in each type play crucial role for the stability against quantum corrections. We find that the lepton-flavor mixing matrix of Type A is stable against quantum corrections, and that of Type B with the same (opposite) signs of m1 and m2 are unstable (stable). For Type C, the lepton-flavor-mixing matrix approaches the definite unitary matrix according to the relative sign assignments of the neutrino mass eigenvalues as the effects of quantum corrections become large enough to neglect the squared mass differences of neutrinos.

Copyright Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag 2000