Four jet event shapes in electron-positron annihilation
J.M. Campbell - M.A. Cullen - E.W.N. Glover
Department of Physics, University of Durham, Durham DH1 3LE, UK
Received: 17 November 1998 / Revised version: 26 January 1999 / Published online: 7 April 1999
We report next-to-leading order perturbative QCD predictions of 4 jet event shape variables for the process obtained using the general purpose Monte Carlo EERAD2. This program is based on the known `squared' one loop matrix elements for the virtual parton contribution and squared matrix elements for 5 parton production. To combine the two distinct final states numerically we present a hybrid of the commonly used subtraction and slicing schemes based on the colour antenna structure of the final state which can be readily applied to other processes. We have checked that the numerical results obtained with EERAD2 are consistent with next-to-leading order estimates of the distributions of previously determined four jet-like event variables. We also report the next-to-leading order scale independent coefficients for some previously uncalculated observables; the light hemisphere mass, narrow jet broadening and the 4 jet transition variables with respect to the JADE and Geneva jet finding algorithms. For each of these observables, the next-to-leading order corrections calculated at the physical scale significantly increase the rate compared to leading order (the K factor is approximately 1.5 - 2). With the exception of the 4 jet transition variables, the published DELPHI data lies well above the predictions. The renormalisation scale uncertainty is still large and in most cases the data prefers a scale significantly smaller than the physical scale. This situation is reminiscent of that for three jet shape variables, and should be improved by the inclusion of power corrections and resummation of large infrared logarithms.