2018 Impact factor 4.843
Particles and Fields
Eur. Phys. J. C 1, 461-478

A study of event shapes and determinations of $\vec{\alpha_s}$using data
of e$^{\vec +}$e$^{\vec-}$ annihilations at $\mathbf{\sqrt{s} = 22}$ to $\mathbf{44}$ GeV

P.A. Movilla Fernández1 - O. Biebel1 - S. Bethke1 - S. Kluth2 - P. Pfeifenschneider1 - the JADE Collaboration3

1 III. Physikalisches Institut der RWTH Aachen, D-52056 Aachen, Germany (e-mail: Otmar.Biebel@Physik.RWTH-Aachen.DE)
2 CERN, European Organisation for Particle Physics, CH-1211 Geneva 23, Switzerland
3 for a full list of members of the JADE Collaboration see bib-naroska

Received: 5 September 1997

Abstract
Data recorded by the JADE experiment at the PETRA \ensuremath{\mathrm{e^+e^-}} collider were used to measure the event shape observables thrust, heavy jet mass, wide and total jet broadening and the differential 2-jet rate in the Durham scheme. For the latter three observables, no experimental results have previously been presented at these energies. The distributions were compared with resummed QCD calulations (\ensuremath{\mathcal{O}(\alpha_s^2)}+NLLA), and the strong coupling constant \ensuremath{\alpha_s(Q)} was determined at different energy scales $Q=\sqrt{s}$. The results,

\begin{displaymath}
{\ensuremath{\alpha_s}}(22\ \mathrm{GeV}) = 0.161 ^{+0.016}_...
 ...math{\alpha_s}}(44\ \mathrm{GeV}) = 0.137 ^{+0.010}_{-0.007}\ ,\end{displaymath}

are in agreement with previous combined results of PETRA albeit with smaller uncertainties. Together with corresponding data from LEP, the energy dependence of \ensuremath{\alpha_s} is significantly tested and is found to be in good agreement with the QCD expectation. Similarly, mean values of the observables were compared to analytic QCD predictions where hadronisation effects are absorbed in calculable power corrections.

PACS
12.38.Qk Experimental tests of Quantum Chromodynamics


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